The last of the four genetic elements of temperament is Participant/Observer. We have addressed the other elements – Internalizer/Externalizer, Introvert/Extrovert, and Active/Passive - as they digest maternal Nurture. The orientation as Participant or Observer determines how one relates to the people and scenarios of the play of consciousness as a whole. A Participant is naturally oriented to be immersed in and emotionally involved with others. He easily and naturally engages through feeling. The natural orientation of an observer, on the other hand, is to process at a distance, rather than be immersed in the feeling relatedness of… Continue reading
The Creation of a Bully, The Creation of Anxiety: How an Active or Passive Temperament orients our personality.
The third genetic temperamental attribute is Active/Passive in the writing of our ‘play’ of consciousness. We have already seen the influences of “Internalizer/Externalizer” and “Extrovert/Introvert” on the fielding of maternal “Nurture”. Active/Passive orients the impact of the protective experience of the mother on her child. An individual with an ‘Active’ temperament naturally operates as the possessor of aggression and primarily identifies with the Protector persona. An individual with a ‘Passive’ temperament does not operate as the possessor of aggression and primarily identifies as a Protectee persona.
One can readily tell whether a child is… Continue reading
Introversion/Extroversion – The Nature/Nurture Question – Nature. The Play of Consciousness is oriented from the point of view of ‘self’, or ‘other’.
This post will continue to address the contributions of ‘nature’ in the Nature-Nurture question. We have seen the contribution of ‘nurture’ in “The Nature-Nurture Question – Nurture” where the limbic system processes the survival maternal environment in the service of the organism. Likewise, we have seen in “The Nature-Nurture Question – Nature.” that the influence of ‘nature’ is not defined by genetic physiological brain mechanisms, as is commonly believed. Rather, the role of ‘nature’ is defined by our genetic temperament, which is composed of four pairs of elements that field and digest the impacts of ‘nurture’… Continue reading
We have seen the role of ‘nurture’ in “The Nature-Nurture Question – Nurture”. We will now turn to the other half of the dynamic – ‘nature’. It is a commonly believed fallacy that the role of ‘nature’ in human beings is defined by genetically determined physiological brain mechanisms. As a result, it is believed that certain genes or gene clusters determine behavior; or neurotransmitters like serotonin cause depression; or localized areas of cortex or parts of the amygdala and limbic system create behaviors and psychiatric symptoms. These prevalent ideas are faulty as they confuse the parts for the… Continue reading
The Nature-Nurture Question – Nurture – The function of the limbic system is to map our nurture experience into the cortex.
The Nature-Nurture question is the big question, It is central for psychiatry, neuroscience, and child development. And of course, the answer is… it is not either/or, but both. But this answer is insufficient on the face of it. We need to understand what nurture really means. And what are we talking about regarding nature? And how do they actually work together?
Unfortunately the exciting explosion of brain science has led to a confusion and faulty assumption about the what constitutes ‘nature’. The operating belief is that specific brain nuclei, neurotransmitters, cortical locations, and genes directly determine our behavior. And whatever… Continue reading
A study qualifies for my ‘Enough is Enough’ series when bad science crosses the line to total absurdity. Today’s entry is Identification and Replication of a Combined Epigenetic and Genetic Biomarker Predicting Suicide and Suicidal Behaviors, by Jerry Guintivano, Ph.D et all, in the American Journal of Psychiatry online July 30, 2014.which is accessible on “Blood Test for Suicide May Come From Stress Gene Defect”. This well regarded study proposes that 80% of suicide, suicidal behavior, and suicidal ideation comes from a variation in the region of the SKA2’s genetic and epigenetic expression. Suicidality can be predicted… Continue reading
‘Evidence-based’ Psychiatry is ‘Evidence’ in Name Only, A call for the science of psychotherapy has taken a wrong turn
Sadly, I have to disagree with Emily A. Holmes, Michelle G. Craske and Ann M. Graybiel, in their article in Nature, July 16, 2014, “Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science, Clinicians and neuroscientists must work together to understand and improve psychological treatments.” As a psychiatrist who practices intensive psychotherapy and has written a book on the subject, “Psychotherapy of Character, the Play of Consciousness in the Theater of the Brain”, I was enthusiastic to read this article, but I was quickly disappointed in the direction it took.
I completely agree that we need good science for psychotherapy… Continue reading
Consciousness Encompasses and Reflects Chaos and Order. It protects us from the chaos of our random environment.
Kelly Clancy, in her brilliant article, “Your Brain Is On the Brink of Chaos, Neurological evidence for chaos in the nervous system is growing”, ”, in ‘Nautilus’, July 10, 2014, presents more compellingly than I can that the ‘Brain is not a Computer Stuck on Top of a Body’. She articulates in a very technical way that the brain utilizes a balance between chaos and order for its operations. It does not operate like a computer, feeding into established static bytes.
Chaos and order is the big subject of the universe – the creation of order… Continue reading
Psychotherapy is a rewarding and effective practice that encompasses the depth and reach of human nature. It effectively heals psychiatric symptoms, the struggles of human character, and allows for the recovery of authenticity and the capacity to love. As a psychiatrist for the last forty years I have treated patients in the psychotherapy of character. Each of us coalesces our character as our genetic temperament fields responsiveness, abuse and deprivation during our formative years. This is at one with the organization of consciousness in the brain as a play with a cast of characters, feeling relationships between them, scenarios and… Continue reading
I love this video – “Conscousness is Memory” by Matt Faw. He and I have been in a correspondance. He illuminates in film what I try to put in words.